GEOGY219-22B (HAM)

Māori Lands and Communities

15 Points

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Division of Arts Law Psychology & Social Sciences
School of Social Sciences


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Paper Description

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This paper introduces students to Māori geographies and examines key events that shape Māori communities and their relationships to land, water and other taonga. The paper begins by examining foundational beliefs and values which underpin Māori culture, identity and relationships to land and taonga tuku iho. There is a specific focus on Te Whakaputanga o te rangatiratanga o Niu Tīreni, Te Tiriti o Waitangi and the Native Land Court. The paper examines the post treaty aftermath and colonial mechanisms of land appropriation and marginalisation in Aotearoa, New Zealand. Contemporary legislation that impacts Māori lands and resources, Te Ture Whenua Māori Act and the Resource Management Act, are explored alongside case studies to illustrate the complex and diverse geographies of contemporary Māori. Students who take this paper will develop an understanding of the complexities of land tenure, governance structures, resource management, treaty settlements, tribal development and media representations affecting Māori lands and communities.

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Paper Structure

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The paper contains two weekly lectures. Assessments include an essay, collaborative readings, one mid-semester test and an exam.

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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the paper should be able to:

  • Students will:
    • Identify key concepts and values that underpin Māori connections to land, water and other taonga;
    • Recognise the diversity of whānau, hapū, iwi and taiao (environmental) relationships;
    • Understand better the processes and impacts of colonisation on Māori lands and communities;
    • Begin to understand the role of legislation, specifically the Native Land Acts, Te Ture Whenua Māori Act and the Resource Management Act, in shaping land tenure and land use in Aotearoa;
    • Demonstrate critical thinking about a range of contemporary issues affecting tangata whenua
    Linked to the following assessments:
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Assessments will be discussed in detail during class and specific assessment criteria for each assessment item will be provided.


Worth 10% of the overall grade due: 5 August 2022, 5 pm

In this assessment students are to prepare a pepeha. A pepeha is a formal introduction used to introduce oneself in Māori spaces and places following tikanga (Māori protocols and customs). This assessment is designed to encourage students to explore their heritage and positionality in relation to Māori geographies.

More information and resources will be given in Moodle and in lectures.


This assessment is worth 10% of the final grade.

This assessment is designed to help students to engage with readings. Perusall is a social e-reader that helps you master readings faster, understand the material better, and get more out of your classes. Through this assessment you will be collaboratively annotating readings with others in the class.
The Collaborative readings assessment requires you to complete five (5) annotated readings. This means you are to critically read five of the selected articles, make thought provoking comments and/or ask questions within each Perusell assessment.

Perusall allows you to generally discuss the readings with your peers. Your goals in annotating each reading are to stimulate discussion by posting good questions or comments and to help others by answering their questions. Completing this assessment will ensure you have the required knowledge to be successful in the paper.

Due dates and instructions for collaborative readings will be given in Moodle and lectures


The mid-semester test is worth 25% of the overall grade, due: 26 August, 2022
Students will be required to sit a mid-semester test online. All questions will relate to both the course readings and lecture material from the first half of the semester. The test will comprise of short answer sections and longer paragraph answer questions.


Worth 25% of the overall grade 2000 words, due: 30 September 2022
Students must write an essay on ONE of the following topics:

1. For this essay topic use examples to discuss Māori resource management. Explore and discuss the challenges, opportunities and possibilities Māori face while participating in Aotearoa, New Zealand’s resource management. In your essay, use literature to consider the history, meaning and, at times, competing values that are at work while managing Māori lands, communities and resources in contemorary times.

2. Using examples, write an essay considering the Indigenous landscape of your homelands or where you currently live. Include in your essay a discussion on 'symbols' of colonisation that have altered the landscape. Use literature to consider the history, meaning and potentially competing values that are part of these symbols and thus part of the landscape.


Worth 30% final grade, due: To be announced

The exam will be delivered online. The date and time will be announced and will take place during the exam period. Questions in the final test will relate to lecture material and readings from the entire course.

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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 70:30. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 30% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 70:30 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 30% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. Exploring pepeha
5 Aug 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
2. Mid semester test
26 Aug 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
3. Essay
30 Sep 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
4. Exam
5.  5 Collaborative Readings
28 Oct 2022
9:00 AM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Required Readings

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A Required reading list has been prepared for this paper and will be available via Moodle. All readings are managed by the university’s online Reading List Talis Aspire system. This means you will not need to purchase a readings book for this course.

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Online Support

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Online support is via the paper management system Moodle. Paper materials will be made available to students via Moodle. Such materials include important announcements and documents (including the paper outline and lecture notes).

PLEASE NOTE there is no University of Waikato requirement that lecture notes, in whatever form, be provided to students via Moodle. Furthermore, the notes made available on Moodle may not be an exact copy of the lecture as presented in class.

Lecture material is also provided via Panopto recordings.

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This paper is held in the B Semester. It has four contact hours weekly, through two lectures. Students are expected to attend all sessions either in person or online. Students must also complete the required readings. If we consider that the ‘normal’ annual load for a BSocSc or BA is seven papers we can then calculate that on the basis of a 17 week semester (including recess and study periods) the student should spend around 10 hours a week on average working on the paper. This includes attending classes, connecting to Moodle and completing assessed work and readings.

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Linkages to Other Papers

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GEOG101, GEOG103 or TTWA150

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Restricted papers: GEOG219

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