HPSCI303-22A (HAM)

Advanced Biomechanics in Sport: Performance Enhancement and Injury Prevention

15 Points

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Division of Health Engineering Computing & Science
Te Huataki Waiora - School of Health

Staff

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Convenor(s)

Lecturer(s)

Administrator(s)

: annis.huang@waikato.ac.nz

Placement/WIL Coordinator(s)

Tutor(s)

Student Representative(s)

Lab Technician(s)

Librarian(s)

: cheryl.ward@waikato.ac.nz

You can contact staff by:

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Paper Description

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The paper critically examines the theoretical and biomechanical concepts involved in analysing and monitoring human movement to enhance health and performance outcomes, as well as to prevent and manage injuries. The paper will cover injury mechanisms, clinical assessment and diagnostics, biomechanics and performance, biomechanics and injuries, footwear science, rehabilitation / retraining, acute and longer term management of injuries, and clinical effectiveness of different treatment modalities. This paper incorporates concepts of evidence-based practice and research methods in biomechanics. Running is an activity required in most sports and used for enhancing fitness. Running will be the main source of reference, with links to other sports highlighted throughout the paper.

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Paper Structure

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This paper includes one 2-hour lecture ONLINE and one 2-hour FACE-TO-FACE laboratory session per week unless otherwise specified. Note that there are no laboratory sessions the first week and on the weeks where there is an in-class test. Moodle will be the primary means used to share course material and communications regarding the paper.

***Due to COVID19 restrictions, field trips to the University of Waikato Adams Centre for High Performance and Velodrome have been cancelled for health and safety reasons.***

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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the paper should be able to:

  • Explain the role that adaptation and misadaptation play in injury incidence, prevention & rehabilitation
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • Describe concepts of mechanical loading and integrate these concepts in context of injury prevention & rehabilitation
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  • Apply biomechanical principles and concepts to human movement and sport
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  • Demonstrate competencies in clinical and biomechanical assessment & rehabilitation methods in laboratory and field-based environments
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  • Demonstrate critical thinking and reasoning surrounding common beliefs & practices in sports biomechanics & injuries
    Linked to the following assessments:
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Assessment

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This paper contains six assessments. These include four Moodle Submissions and two In-Class Tests that are summative in nature. All assessments cover topics from both the lectures and laboratories . Moodle Submissions will have a greater practical component. Detailed descriptions and expectations will be provided to students.

All assessments are to be submitted online through Moodle, including the two "In-Class Tests". The two "In-Class Tests" need to be completed ONLINE through Moodle during the allocated lecture times for this class (Tuesday 10:00 to 12:00). Ensure that you are in a location that has good internet connection and that you will be undisturbed for the duration of these two "In-Class Tests".

YOU ARE EXPECTED TO COMPLETE ALL ASSESSMENTS ON YOUR OWN.

  • DO NOT work with a classmate or a third party or an online resource to complete assessments.
  • DO NOT ask your classmate or a third party or an online resource to complete assessments for you.
  • DO NOT accept to do assessments for a classmate or share questions / answers with others.
  • You ARE permitted to use YOUR course notes to complete assessments.

Please ask your lecturers for additional assistance or clarification if required.

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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. Moodle Submission (1)
23 Mar 2022
5:00 PM
10
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
2. Moodle Submission (2)
6 Apr 2022
5:00 PM
10
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
3. In-Class Test (1)
14 Apr 2022
1:00 PM
30
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
4. Moodle Submission (3)
11 May 2022
5:00 PM
10
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
5. Moodle Submission (4)
25 May 2022
5:00 PM
8
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
6. Moodle Submission (Participation)
1 Jun 2022
5:00 PM
2
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
7. In-Class Test (2)
9 Jun 2022
1:00 PM
30
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Recommended Readings

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Anderson, L. M., Bonanno, D. R., Hart, H. F., & Barton, C. J. (2019). What are the benefits and risks associated with changing foot strike pattern during running? A systematic review and meta-analysis of injury, running economy, and biomechanics. Sports Medicine. doi:10.1007/s40279-019-01238-y

Barton, C.J., Managing RISK when treating the injured runner with running retraining, load management and exercise therapy. Phys Ther Sport. 2018;29: p. 79-83.

Barton, C.J., D.R. Bonanno, J. Carr, B.S. Neal, P. Malliaras, A. Franklyn-Miller, and H.B. Menz, Running retraining to treat lower limb injuries: A mixed-methods study of current evidence synthesised with expert opinion. Br J Sports Med, 2016. 50(9): p. 513-26.

Barnes, K.R. and A.E. Kilding, Running economy: Measurement, norms, and determining factors. Sports Medicine-Open, 2015. 1(1): p. 1-15.

Bramble, D.M. and D.E. Lieberman, Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. Nature, 2004. 432(7015): p. 345-352.

Dubois, B. and J.F. Esculier. Soft-tissue injuries simply need PEACE and LOVE. Br J Sports Med. 2020. 54(2):72-73. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2019-101253.

Esculier, J.F., B. Dubois, C.E. Dionne, J. Leblond, and J.S. Roy, A consensus definition and rating scale for minimalist shoes. J Foot Ankle Res, 2015. 8: p. 42.

Hall, J.L., C. Barton, P. Jones, and D. Morrissey, The biomechanical differences between barefoot and shod distance running: A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis. Sports Med, 2013: p. 1-19.

Moore, I.S., Is there an economical running technique? A review of modifiable biomechanical factors affecting running economy. Sports Medicine, 2016.

Miller, J. R., Van Hooren, B., Bishop, C., Buckley, J. D., Willy, R. W., & Fuller, J. T. (2019). A systematic review and meta-analysis of crossover studies comparing physiological, perceptual and performance measures between treadmill and overground running. Sports Medicine. doi:10.1007/s40279-019-01087-9

Newman, P., J. Witchalls, G. Waddington, and R. Adams, Risk factors associated with medial tibial stress syndrome in runners: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Access J Sports Med, 2013. 4: p. 229-41.

Pappas, E. and W.M. Wong-Tom, Prospective predictors of patellofemoral pain syndrome: A systematic review with meta-analysis. Sports Health, 2012. 4(2): p. 115-20.

Schubert, A.G., J. Kempf, and B.C. Heiderscheit, Influence of stride frequency and length on running mechanics: a systematic review. Sports Health, 2014. 6(3): p. 210-7.

Souza, R.B., An evidence-based videotaped running biomechanics analysis. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 2016. 27(1): p. 217-36.

Van Hooren, B., Fuller, J. T., Buckley, J. D., Miller, J. R., Sewell, K., Rao, G., . . . Willy, R. W. (2019). Is motorized treadmill running biomechanically comparable to overground running? A systematic review and meta-analysis of cross-over studies. Sports Medicine. doi:10.1007/s40279-019-01237-z

Warden, S.J., I.S. Davis, and M. Fredericson, Management and prevention of bone stress injuries in long-distance runners. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2014. 44(10): p. 749-65.

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Other Resources

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The following video processing tools might be used in labs and for Moodle Submissions. Use of these tools will be taught in laboratory sessions.

Siliconcoach

Kiinovea

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Online Support

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All lectures will be provided online via Moodle. Summary slides will be made available to students. One of the laboratory sessions will be recorded and uploaded to Panopto with summary slides, although the quality of the recording cannot be guaranteed and sometimes difficult due to the practical nature of laboratories. Students are therefore expected and encouraged to attend all laboratory sessions in person.
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Workload

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This paper has an expectation of 150 hours (equates to 12.5 hours per week) of class time and independent study. While these 150 hours are a University wide requirement and reflect professional commitment, absences can create problems not only for your learning progress but also for your student colleagues. If you know in advance that you will be absent from a lecture or laboratory, then you must advise the lecturer.

There are 4 contact hours per week (2 hours lectures, 2 hours of laboratories); therefore, students should plan to spend around 8 hours each week on readings, assignments, revisions, and independent study.

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Linkages to Other Papers

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This paper expands on the paper content covered in HPSI101, SPLS104, and HPSCI204, and links to HPSCI301 and HPSCI304.
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Prerequisite(s)

Prerequisites: HPSCI101 (or SPLS103 and SPLS104) and HPSCI204 (or SPLS204 and SPLS215).

Corequisite(s)

Equivalent(s)

Restriction(s)

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