MAORI150-22B (HAM)

Te Tiriti o Waitangi: An Introduction to the Treaty of Waitangi

15 Points

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Paper Description

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This paper seeks to provide a sound understanding of Te Tiriti o Waitangi/The Treaty of Waitangi. The course introduces you to some foundational understandings of the Treaty of Watangi, its intentions, its status over time in Aotearoa New Zealand, its role in relationships between the Crown and Māori, breaches of the Treaty and how they are heard and responded to through the Waitangi Tribunal as well as new jurisprudence related to the Treaty of Waitangi. The course reviews historical and contemporary interpretations and takes into account the interplay of contextual issues of the times.

This is a B semester paper which is taught in English with Māori terminology when defining and describing Māori concepts and rationale. Your engagement and participation is really important and you will see that this is reflected in the allocation of assignment marks. Also because of the uncertainty and challenges of learning during a global pandemic that is having health, economic and social impacts we will be much more attentive to your health, our health, and well-being. This includes our mental health as well as our whānau health. Let's just deal with it up front, pay attention to these issues, raise them when needed either in class or confidentially and more importantly create a class that is full of aroha ki tētahi.

Students are expected to:

1. attend or watch on-line the weekly lectures (panopto and or you tube)

2. engage in reading, watching and thinking about the material that is available on the Moodle page

3. attend tutorials in person

4. participate in class or on-line forums, discussions and activities

5. complete and submit assignments by due date

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Paper Structure

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The information you need to help you complete this paper will be delivered

Through weekly lectures that will be live recorded and available on Moodle.

Through a programme of directed reading and watching/listening available on Moodle and through the recommended readings available through the Library

Through in person tutorials which are small group discussions

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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the paper should be able to:

  • Demonstrate knowledge of the Māori worldview and Tikanga Māori as it applies to understanding contextual issues relating to Te Whakaputanga (the Declaration) and Te Tiriti o Waitangi/Treaty of Waitangi
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • Identify legislative violations that breached Te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi and Māori responses
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the role of the Waitangi Tribunal and the Treaty Settlement process
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • Identify and apply significant principles of the Treaty of Waitangi
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the relevance of Te Tiriti and the Treaty in a contemporary and future Aotearoa New Zealand
    Linked to the following assessments:
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Assessment is important to help you and the lecturer understand how you are grappling with the knowledge shared, course material and to track how you are understanding and using the key ideas of the course. The assignments help consolidate your understandings by focussing your thinking and writing into a specific area of thinking. Take assignments seriously and do the background preparation well ahead of the due date of an assignment. The habit of handing in an assignment on time is the most important habit to acquire at this stage. The second most important habit is to demonstrate that you have prepared for the assignment. You do this by attending lectures and attending workshops where ideas are explored further. Reviewing Panopto recordings also help in addition to reading the relevant materials and showing that you have thought independently about the topic you are writing about or discussing. The third most important habit is to reference your work, the authors you have read, the people and resources that have helped you form your ideas, using the APA style that the Faculty recommends. These habits help ensure the integrity of your work and doing this should prevent any risk of plagiarising the work of others.

There are 4 assessment items for this paper. There are no compulsory components in this paper. However, to gain maximum understanding of content and to pass this paper successfully it is essential that you attend all lectures and workshops and submit all assignments.

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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. Assessment One: Reflection on our past journeys and values
5 Aug 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
2. Assessment Two: Significant cultural symbols for the Kiingitanga
2 Sep 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
3. Assessment Three: Essay
1 Oct 2022
12:30 AM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
4. Assessment Four: Reflective learning power point
28 Oct 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Required Readings

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Students will be directed to any required readings and a Reading List will be available online through the Library website. All required readings will also be posted in Moodle. Other readings are recommended and will be identified from time to time. Note that some of the readings below under 'Recommended Readings' will also be in the Readings list and a link provided via Moodle.
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Recommended Readings

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Barlow, C. (1994): Tikanga whakaaro: Key concepts in Māori culture. Auckland, N.Z: Oxford University Press.

Consedine, R., & J. (2001). Healing our history: The challenge of the Treaty of Waitangi. Auckland: Penguin.

Cowie, D. (2012) ‘The Treaty Settlement Process’. In Wheen, N. & Hayward, J. Treaty of Waitangi Settlements, Bridget Williams Books: Wellington, pp. 48-64.

Durie, M. (1998). Te Mana, te kawanatanga: The politics of Maori self determination. Auckland, Oxford University Press.

Ka’ai, T. M., & Moorfield, J. C., & Reilly, M. P. J., & Mosley, S. (Eds.). (2010). Ki te Whaiao: An Introduction to Māori Culture and Society. Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson Education (Original work published 2004).

Kawharu, I.H. (1989). Waitangi : Maori and Pakeha Perspectives of the Treaty of Waitangi. Auckland, Oxford University Press.

Keenan, D. (ed.). (2012). Huia Histories of Māori Ngā Tāhuhu Kōrero, Huia Publishers: Wellington; pp. 229-256

King, M. (ed.). (1992) Te ao hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga. Auckland: Reed.

King, M. (1982). Te Puea Herangi: Princess of the Maori. Auckland, N.Z: Hodder and Stoughton

Mead, H. (2003). Tikanga Māori: Living by Māori values. Wellington, New Zealand: Huia.

Metge, J. (2001). Talking together = Kōrero tahi. Auckland, N.Z.: Auckland University Press with Te Matahauariki Institute.

Mutu, M. (2010). Weeping Waters: the Treaty of Waitangi and constitutional change. In Ka’ai, T. M., & Moorfield, J. C., & Reilly, M. P. J., & Mosley, S. (Eds.). (2010). Ki te Whaiao: An Introduction to Māori Culture and Society. Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson Education (Original work published 2004).Wellington, Aotearoa/New Zealand: Huia Publishers.

Network Waitangi Whangarei & Te Kawariki. (2012). Ngāpuhi speaks : He Wakaputanga o te rangatiratanga o Nu Tireni and Te Tiriti o Waitangi = independent report, Ngapuhi Nui Tonu claim. Kaitaia, [N.Z.]: Te Kawariki & Network Waitangi Whangarei.

Oliver, W.H. (1991). Claims to the Waitangi Tribunal, Wellington: Department of Justice.

Orange, C. (2011). The Treaty of Waitangi. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books Ltd.

Reilly, M., Leoni, G., Carter, L., Duncan, S., Paterson, L., Ratima, M.T., & Rewi, P. (Eds.). (2018). Te kōparapara: An introduction to the Māori world. Auckland: Auckland University Press

Sharp, Katarina-Gray, Tawhai, Veronica. Eds. (2011). Always Speaking: The Treaty of Waitangi and Public Policy, Wellington. Huia Books.

Taonui, R. (2010). Māori urban protest movements. In Keenan, D. Huia Histories of Māori: Ngā tāhūhū kōrero, Huia Publishers: Wellington, pp. 229-256.

Tauroa, H. (1989). Healing the Breach – One Maori’s perspective on the Treaty of Waitangi. Auckland, William Collins Publishers Ltd.

Walker, R. (2004). Ka whawhai tonu matou:Struggle without end: Auckland, N.Z: Penguin.

Ward, A. (1999) ‘Crown purchases, political change and war’. An Unsettled History: Treaty Claims in New Zealand Today, Bridget Williams Books, Wellington, pp. 104-124.

Williams, J. (2014) ‘Papa-tūā-nuku – Attitudes to land’. In T. Ka’ai., J. Moorfield., M. Reilly., & S. Mosley. (2004). Ki te whaiao : An introduction to Māori culture and society. Auckland, N.Z.: Pearson Longman, pp. 50-60.

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Other Resources

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From time to time, other resources will be posted in Moodle for students learning.

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Online Support

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This paper is supported by Moodle. Moodle is the eLearning platform of this university that is used to foster student interaction related to learning. This paper can be accessed by visiting


This paper is also supported by Panopto. Panopto - Course Cast is a tool which allows users to record audio, video, PowerPoint and what is happening on the user’s computer screen or in class. Panopto recordings can be accessed by visiting
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The paper is taught in English. Course readings can be accessed from the primary source and also from the class Moodle site. MAORI150 is a 100 level paper. Students are expected to watch the lectures on-line and attend tutorials in person as well as complete the required readings and work through the Moodle course material. If we consider that the ‘normal’ annual load for a Bachelor degree is seven papers we can then calculate that on the basis of a 16 week semester (including recess and study periods) the student should spend around 10-12 hours a week on average working on the paper. This includes attending tutorials, being engaged on-line, completing assessed work and reading and reviewing. The 1 hour tutorials are the only weekly face to face contact hours you will have on campus other than your visit to talk with your Lecturer and informal discussion groups that might follow on from tutorials.
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Linkages to Other Papers

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Restricted papers: TTWA150

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